Dating the reign of solomon
It is also distinct from more modern interpretations of the Song, such as that which sees it as a poetic drama celebrating the triumph of a maiden's pure, spontaneous love for her rustic shepherd lover over the courtly blandishments of Solomon, who sought to win her for his royal harem.
Rather, it views the Song as a linked chain of lyrics depicting love in all its spontaneity, beauty, power and exclusiveness -- experienced in its varied moments of separation and intimacy, anguish and ecstasy, tension and contentment.
Such marital love is designed by the Creator-King to come to natural expression within his realm.
No one who reads the Song with care can question the artistry of the poet.
This summary of the book of Song of Solomon provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of Song of Solomon.
The title in the Hebrew text is "Solomon's Song of Songs," meaning a song by, for, or about Solomon.
God intends that such love -- grossly distorted and abused by both ancient and modern people -- be a normal part of marital life in his good creation (see Ge -31; ).
Indeed, in the Song the faithful Israelite could ascertain how to live lovingly within the theocratic arrangement.
Whether the Song has the unity of a single dramatic line linking all the subunits into a continuing story is a matter of ongoing debate among interpreters.
In the Song, it is love that finds words -- inspired words that disclose its exquisite charm and beauty as one of God's choicest gifts. She claims its exclusiveness ("My lover is mine and I am his," ) and insists on the necessity of its pure spontaneity ("Do not arouse or awaken love until it so desires," 2:7).
The voice of love in the Song, like that of wisdom in Pr 8:1 -- , is a woman's voice, suggesting that love and wisdom draw men powerfully with the subtlety and mystery of a woman's allurements. She also proclaims its overwhelming power -- it rivals that of the fearsome enemy, death; it burns with the intensity of a blazing fire; it is unquenchable even by the ocean depths (8:6-7a).
Verse 1 appears to ascribe authorship to Solomon (see note on 1:1; but see also Title above). In fact, mention of Tirzah and Jerusalem in one breath (6:4; see note there) has been used to prove a date prior to King Omri (885-874 b.c.; see 1Ki -24), though the reason for Tirzah's mention is not clear.
Solomon is referred to seven times (1:1,5; 3:7,9,11; -12), and several verses speak of the "king" (1:4,12; 7:5), but whether he was the author remains an open question. On the other hand, many have appealed to the language of the Song as proof of a much later date, but on present evidence the linguistic data are ambiguous.